On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  Later that day, Tory MP Anna Soubry asked, on the Prime Minister`s question, that may accept the Grieve amendment: “The Prime Minister says she wants a sensible vote on Brexit before we leave the European Union. Will she also be so good at this last moment that she accepted my right-wing Hon and learned of Amendment 7 from the friend, in a spirit of unity for all here and in the country?  May rejected the idea and said, “We were very clear that we would not launch legal instruments until this good vote had taken place, but the [Grieve] bill that is being drafted indicates that we should not implement these provisions and legal instruments until the withdrawal agreement and the transposition law have reached the code of law. This could be at a very late stage of the procedure, which could mean that we are not in a position to have the orderly and smooth exit from the European Union that we want.  A previous withdrawal agreement – between former Prime Minister Theresa May and the EU – was rejected three times by MPs. MEPs will vote on whether to support the Prime Minister`s plan to withdraw the UK from the EU on 31 January.
MPs voted at second reading on the government`s withdrawal agreement. With Boris Johnson`s 80-person majority, the bill was passed with a comfortable lead, with 358 votes and 234 against. Parliament will have to approve any future relations agreement. If such an agreement deals with powers that the EU shares with member states, national parliaments must also ratify it. On the voting lists, it appears that @UKLabour #shadowcabinet members @IanLaveryMP and @jon_trickett did not vote on bill #brexit which the party formally rejected, unless the UK requests an extension beyond 2020, that trade relations from early 2021 are governed either by an agreement or by World Trade Organization rules. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   After years of political disagreement and drama, the British Parliament has adopted a comprehensive agreement to withdraw from the EU. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wants to sever all ties with the bloc, writes Barbara Wesel of the DW.
(20.12.2019) In his statement of 12 February, the Prime Minister reaffirmed his objective of having a second “useful vote” on a withdrawal agreement. She indicated that if this were not the case on February 26, the government would make a new statement to Parliament on the government`s progress and would introduce a amended motion to that declaration, which is expected to be put to a vote on February 27.